Internet resources for
Ottoman Turkish
Modern Turkish
Turkic Languages
î Ottoman Empire
Republic of Turkey
Turkic Republics, Regions and Peoples
Related resources for
Islamic Studies
Near & Middle East Studies
Tuğra of Süleyman the Magnificient

Quick Facts

Country name: Ottoman Empire (Devlet-i 'Āliye-yi 'Osmāniyye)
Government type: Imperial
Capital: Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922)
Area: 6.3m sq km (1902), maximum extent 19.9m sq km (1595)
Population: ca 40 million
Language: Ottoman Turkish (official)

Brief History (Source: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05)

The Ottoman state began as one of many small Turkish states that emerged in Asia Minor during the breakdown of the empire of the Seljuk Turks. The Ottoman Turks began to absorb the other states, and during the reign (1451–81) of Muhammad II they ended all other local Turkish dynasties. The early phase of Ottoman expansion took place under Osman I, Orkhan, Murad I, and Beyazid I at the expense of the ...   » More


Referential Sites

The Ottomans (Washington State University)

Ottoman History (Turkish National Library)

Ottoman Empire (The Columbia Encyclopedia)

Ottoman Empire (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

History of the Balkans

Turkish War of Independence

Historians of the Ottoman Empire (Harvard University)

The Ottoman Sultans and Caliphs, 1290-1924 AD (

Ottoman Sultan Tugras (

Tughra Net (

Ottoman Capitals (Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism)

Ottoman Flags (Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism)

Ottoman Maps (

Ottoman Text Archive Project (University of Washington)

Ottoman Historical Dictionary

The Piri Reis Map Project (McNeese State University)

The Oldest Map of America Drawn by Piri Reis

Ottoman Empire and Turkey in "The New York Times" - (1850 through 1938) (by Murat Günaydın & Bülent Akbaş)

Twenty-Five Lectures on Modern Balkan History (The Balkans in the Age of Nationalism) (Steven W. Sowards, 1996)

The Turkish Language Reform: A Catastrophic Success (Geoffrey Lewis, 2002)

Gregorian-Hijri-Rumi Dates Converter (in Turkish) (by Ahmet M. Aytaç)

Hijri A.H. (Islamic) and A.D. Christian Dates Converter (

Arts and Cultural Sites

Cultural Life in the Ottoman Empire (Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism)

Culture of the Ottoman Empire (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Ottoman Architecture

Ottoman Poetry

The Legends and Poetry of the Turks, selections (Cornell University Library)

Ottoman Lyric Poetry: An Anthology (Walter G. Andrews, Najaat Black, Mehmet Kalpaklı, 2006)

The Skilliter Centre for Ottoman Studies (Newnham College, UK)

Journal of Ottoman Calligraphy: The Calligraphic Tradition (by Vedat Yücel)

Ottoman and Near East Philatelic Society (

Ottoman Cultural Heritage by Pictures (Turkish National Library)

Ottoman Empire in Drawings (Caltech TSA)

Prints & Photographs Online Catalog: Abdul-Hamid II Collection Search (Library of Congress)

Islamic Architecture (Columbia University)

The Topkapı Palace Museum (Bilkent University, TR)

Virtuelles Museum (

The Ralamb Costume Book (edited by Göran Bäärnhielm)

Documentaries (Turkish Historical Society)

Turkish Hand Crafts (Marbling) - Ottoman Women's Wear - Karagöz - Tombstones - Handwritten Works - Sabuncuoğlu Şerefeddin - Our Cultural Heritage: İnebolu

Ottoman Classical Music (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Insite Pages

*You may also find useful links on the Ottoman Turkish web page on this website.

About this website Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Michigan
4111 Thayer Academic Building, 202 South Thayer Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1608 phone (734) 764-0314 fax (734) 936-2679